09. Molecular-genetic monitoring in system of preservation of genetic resources of animals

https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201606-09
Kopylov K. V., Metlyts'ka O. I., Mohnachova N. B., Suprovych T. M.
Pages: 43-47.

Full article: 
Abstract
The purpose. To develop theoretical approaches concerning expediency of application of modern molecular-genetic methods of probes within the limits of holding genetic monitoring in system of preservation of genetic resources of animals. Methods. Dialectic method of scientific knowledge, analysis and systemic generalization. Results. It is necessary to consider ndigenous breeds as carrying agents of the unique genetic information which cannot be replicated by modern methods of selection. In some ecosystems economically expediently their growing in purity, and also straight introduction in zones where reproduction of highly productive forms is impossible. From this point of view, study of gene pools of indigenous breeds is important for searching new useful genes of quantitative or other attributes (productivity, resistance to diseases and stresses) which in the further can be used in selection. Conclusions. For comprehensive analysis of genetic structure of pedigree resources of breeds development and systematization of methods on determination of the most informative tests for different types of DNA-markers is necessary. Heading of elements of molecular-genetic monitoring will promote detection of carrying agents of valuable genes complexes by deriving molecular-genetic information of features of genetic structure. That will allow identifying and determining optimum content of gene pools and quality of genetic material for backfilling and keeping specimens of biomaterial.


Key words: molecular-genetic monitoring, genetic resources, polymorphism, DNA-markers.



References
  1. Henetycheskye resursbl krupnoho rohatoho skota: redkye y yschezayushchye otechestvennble porodbl/[S.V. Ukhanov, Yu.A. Stolpovskyy, L.V. Bannykova y dr.]. — M.: Nauka, 1993. — S. 170.
  2. Andersson L. Domestic — animal genomics: deciphering the genetics of complex traits/L. Andersson, M. Georges//Genetics. — 2004. — 5. — P. 202—212.
  3. Sunnucks P. Efficient genetic markers for population biology/P. Sunnucks//Tree. — 2000. — V. 15. — P. 199 – 203.
  4. Natsional'na prohrama zberezhennya ta ratsional'noho vykorystannya henetychnykh resursiv sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn Ukrayiny/M.V. Zubets', V.P. Burkat, M.Ya. Yefimenko [ta in.]//Mater. nauk.-prakt. konf., prysvyach. 125-richchyu vid dnya narodzhennya M.F. Ivanova. — Askaniya-Nova, 1996. — S. 43—47.
  5. Prohrama zberezhennya ta ratsional'noho vykorystannya henetychnykh resursiv sil's'kohospodars'kykh tvaryn: M-vo ahrar. polit. Ukrayiny, UAAN. — K., 2001. — 26 s.
  6. Sostoyanye vsemyrnblkh henetycheskykh resursov v sfere prodovol'stvyya y sel'skoho khozyaystva: kratkyy otchet/Komyssyya po henetycheskym resursam v sfere prodovol'stvyya y sel'skoho khozyaystva. Prodovol'stvennaya y sel'skokhozyaystvennaya orhanyzatsyya Ob'edynennblkh Natsyy. — Rym, 2007. — 37 s.
  7. Henetyko-selektsiynyy monitorynh u m"yasnomu skotarstvi/[M.V. Zubets', V.P. Burkat, O.F. Mel'nyk ta in.]; za red. M.V. Zubtsya. — K.: Ahrar. nauka, 2000. — 187 s.
  8. Henetyko-selektsiynyy monitorynh u molochnomu skotarstvi/[M.V. Zubets', V.P. Burkat, M.Ya. Yefimenko ta in.]; za red. V.P. Burkata. — K.: Ahrar. nauka, 1999. — 88 s.
  9. Stolpovskyy Yu. A. Kontseptsyya y pryntsypbl henetycheskoho monytorynha dlya sokhranenyya in situ porod domestytsyrovannblkh zhyvotnblkh/Yu.A. Stolpovskyy//Sel'skokhozyaystvennaya byolohyya. — 2010. — # 6. — S. 3 – 8.
  10. Tajima F. Biases of the estimates of DNA divergence obtained by the restriction enzyme technique/F. Tajima, M. Nei//J. Mol. Evol. — 1982. — V. 17. — P. 115 – 120.