11. Ecological problems of animal industry of modern agglomeration

https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201606-11
Tertychna O. V., Pinchuk V. O., Stepanov R. A., Borodaj V. P.
Pages: 54-59.

Full article: 
Abstract
The purpose. Trends are analyzed in development of animal husbandry (on an instance of Kiev region) for the last 20 years and preventive ecological evaluation of influence of this branch on state of environment in a context of stable development of the region. Methods. Analytical-synthetic, generalizations, calculations, mathematical, statistical. Results. It is shown that in comparison with 1995 the number of cattle and pigs in 2015 dropped in 7,3 and 1,4 times accordingly, livestock of auk increased in 2,4 times. The amount of solid animal wastes (1812,8 thousand t/year), volumes of ammonia (20674,8 thousand tons) are calculated. Contamination by wastage and sewage is surveyed as the important ecological problem which demands ecologically safe and economically expedient solution. The volume of the gained biogas in cattle-breeding factories makes 25 million m3. Conclusions. Intensive animal husbandry results into pressure on environment through contamination by collateral products of cattlebreeding parentage.


Key words: animal husbandry, environment, ecological problems, collateral products, bioenergetics.



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